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Zion National Park
Springdale, UT 84767-1099

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Colorful canyon and mesa scenery includes erosion and rock-fault patterns that create phenomenal shapes and landscapes. Evidence of former volcanic activity is here, too.

Mukuntuweap National Monument proclaimed July 31, 1909, incorporated in Zion National Monument by proclamation March 18, 1918.

Established as national park Nov. 19, 1919. Separate Zion National Monument proclaimed Jan. 22, 1937, incorporated in park July 11, 1956.

Other boundary changes: June 13, 1930; June 3, 1941; Feb. 20, 1960; Oct. 21, 1976.

LAND AREA: 146,597.64 acres;
Federal: 143,040.40; 
Nonfederal: 3,557.24.

NUMBER OF VISITORS PER YEAR:
Approximately 2.5 million.

Significance
Established to preserve and protect aesthetic and scientific values:

Zion features stunning scenery
found nowhere else on earth.

Zion is a geologic showpiece
with sandstone cliffs among the highest in the world.

Zion features
one of the last mostly free-flowing river systems on the Colorado Plateau.

Zion features
a large, diverse plant and animal community.

Zion features
evidence of human occupation both historic and prehistoric, including excellent examples of Civilian Conservation Corps work.

Elevation
Lowest 3,666 ft (1,128 m), Coalpits Wash in the southwest corner. Highest 8,726 ft (2,660 m), Horse Ranch Mountain in the Kolob Canyons section.

Precipitation
Average 15 inches.

Name
Zion, a Hebrew word referring to a place of safety or refuge, given to this canyon by Mormon pioneers in the 1860s.

Kolob
in Mormon theology, is a heavenly place close to God.

Plant Life
Richest diversity of plants in Utah--almost 800 native species. Differences in elevation, sunlight, water, and temperature create ''microenvironments,'' like hanging gardens, forested side canyons, and isolated mesas that lend to this diversity.

Animal Life
75 species of mammals, 271 birds, 32 reptiles and amphibians, 8 fish. Commonly seen animals include mule deer, rock squirrels, lizards, and many species of birds. Rare or endangered species include the Peregrine Falcon, Mexican Spotted Owl, Southwest Willow Flycatcher, desert tortoise, and the Zion snail, found nowhere else on earth.

Human History
Evidence of Ancestral Puebloans, formerly known as the Anasazi, date from about 2,000 years ago; Paiutes from about 800 years ago to present. Mormon settlers arrived in the 1860s. Park visitation in 1920 was 3,692; in 1996 it reached 2.5 million.

 

Web design by Davinder Khanna

 

 

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